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The Balance of Disease

"The Balance of Disease"

Do you struggle to get your head around disease and why it occurs?

There are several groups of animal disease causes;

Genetic e.g. Inherited Epilepsy, Tibial Hemimelia in Cattle, Sickle Cell Anaemia in humans

Toxic e.g. Copper Poisoning in sheep, Yew poisoning in Cattle, Thalidomide in humans

Physical e.g. burns, hypothermia, radiation, sunburn

Neoplastic or Cancer e.g. Eye cancer in cattle (mutation caused by UV radiation from the sun)

Infectious e.g. BVD, Staph mastitis, Viral pneumonia, Coccidiosis, Worms

Metabolic e.g. Ketosis, Milk Fever

Immune / Autoimmune e.g. Rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus

Concept of "The Balance of Disease" comes into play in diseases caused by Toxic, Physical, and Infectious causes or "agents".

"The Balance of Disease" is EXPOSURE TO THE DISEASE CAUSE versus RESISTANCE OF THE ANIMAL TO THE DISEASE.

Here at G Shepherd Animal Health, we try to prevent disease or reduce disease by tilting this balance. We aim to:

REDUCE EXPOSURE TO THE DISEASE CAUSE (examples given)

 INCREASE RESISTANCE OF THE ANIMAL (examples given)

COPPER TOXICITY-

Reduce copper levels

Using copper antagonists

CALF COLD STRESS-

Keep warm with a calf coat      

Correct feeding level in winter

CALF SCOUR-

 Disinfection with TK SWordsman       

Colostrum levels & vaccination

JOHNES DISEASE-

Pasteurise colostrum & calf milk       

Avoid silage for first 6 months (acid)

MASTITIS-

Pre & Post Teat Disinfection

Correctly functioning milking machine

CALF PNEUMONIA-

Draught free ventilation, separate age groups

Vaccination, Calf Coats

LAMENESS-

Regular footbathing, good muck removal    

 Foot trim cattle, Nutrition vs acidosis, Zinc & Biotin.

<h3>So, basically when thinking about reducing disease we need to think about how we can reduce the exposure to the case and increased the animal’s resistance.<h3>

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